ISSUES#2 — What Is PR?

BTS Labs
9 min readMar 29, 2023

The Definition of Public Relations

Building constructive relationships between corporations and their publics is the goal of public relations, a strategic communication strategy. In essence, public relations professionals look after a company’s reputation and public image. They assist the organization in communicating with the general public and attempt to foster a good rapport between the two.

Public relations, frequently referred to as “PR,” is a distinct subject, but it does have elements in common with a number of other disciplines, including marketing, communications, and advertising. Even though the duties in these professions could be similar, there are several features of public relations that set it apart and give it a special place in the world of business.

Public relations specialists work to change how the general public views their clients’ brands, reputations, or images. Unlike advertisers, public relations specialists convince or earn good talk about their clients or organizations. They make use of a variety of resources at their disposal to accomplish this, such as:

•Partaking in social media posting

•Arranging for speaking appearances

•Developing crisis management plans arranging unique events

•Establishing business relationships and networking

•Publicizing and writing press releases

In essence, public relations specialists focus on carefully prepared communication using cutting-edge tactics and technologies to strengthen the bond between a business and its audience. Depending on the client, their goals, and their needs, a PR expert will employ different strategies and tactics.

Public Relations vs. Marketing

Public relations is included in the broader marketing category. Marketing entails fostering a favorable perception of goods, services, and businesses among consumers. While comparable to public relations, marketing aims to meet client wants, make sure a good or service pleases them, and increase sales. On the other hand, the goal of public relations is to strengthen the bond between the general public and an organization. PR experts may aid marketers in their endeavors because fostering good client interactions can afterwards increase sales and satiate a target demographic.

Public Relations vs. Advertising

Advertising is a branch of business that frequently crosses over with public relations. Public relations and advertising both help to achieve marketing objectives, albeit in different ways. To market a product and explain why it’s better than a competitor’s services, advertising speaks directly to consumers. Public relations involves two-way communication with clients about why the company is deserving of their patronage.

What Are the Different Types of PR?

The field of public relations is diverse and multifaceted in and of itself. Public relations experts employ a variety of strategies to achieve their goals and uphold the organization’s favorable reputation in the public eye. These strategies can all be employed as a component of an effective public relations plan even if they each have various uses and overlap. When necessary, a skilled, qualified PR expert will make use of all of them or a mix of them.

PR comes in a variety of popular forms, including:

Community Relations

Enhancing an organization’s reputation within the local or regional community is the goal of community relations. Businesses frequently interact directly with the community through hosting events, supporting causes, or taking part in neighborhood initiatives. By doing this, the organization builds a presence in the community and relationships with its constituents.

Community relations are an essential component of PR for local or small enterprises. To engage in constructive conversation with your community, you must know how to interact with them and serve them. Even larger or national companies can profit from good community relations, especially if they organize or take part in regional events. Due to social media’s accessibility, even small local events can garner widespread media attention.

Media Relations

In order to gain favorable media coverage for a business or organization, media relations — a key component of public relations (PR) — entails developing and maintaining relationships with journalists, reporters, and other media professionals.

Crisis communication is a crucial component of media relations. It’s crucial to have established connections with media experts so that, in the event of a crisis or unpleasant incident, the public is informed accurately and effectively of your organization’s position. Furthermore, it’s important to note that media relations is a crucial component of public relations that entails cultivating connections with media figures, producing appealing material, and interacting with reporters and journalists to obtain favorable media coverage for your company.

Public Affairs

This type of public relations, often known as lobbying, calls for establishing ties between your group and the government. You need to develop relationships with public servants who are interested in and might possibly support your cause. The government may be a potent PR tool, whether you want to convince the public to care about your services or a change in the legislation could allow you to sell more goods.

It nearly always helps to have a member of Congress or other elected official on your side. If you work for a big company or are in a highly regulated field, it might be even more useful. Government officials have a lot of influence and can negatively affect your company’s brand and success.

Everyone can benefit from this type of public relations, but it might be especially useful if your target market is young and aware of current social concerns. Corporate social responsibility can show that you care about resolving their issues and that you are aware of their concerns.

If your immediate rival is being shamed or ridiculed in the media, that is another circumstance in which this form of PR is especially helpful.

Crisis Management

Crisis management is necessary when an incident threatens to harm your company’s reputation. This might be the result of a product recall, claims of maltreatment of employees or clients, CEO or staff misbehavior, or any other scandal. Damage control may be crucial to the future success of your company, no matter what the reason.

Typically, crisis management is only required when a significant problem arises, especially if it has received media attention. Although some circumstances will pass with time, others might not, which could cause irreparable or permanent harm to your brand. PR can help defuse the situation and alter the perception of the danger, which can ease the crisis. Responding quickly is essential since a blip or delay could do your organization much more harm.

The Importance of Public Relations

Public relations is essential to modern business. It’s an essential component of managing your brand, can boost revenue, and fosters connections with those who interact with your business. Moreover, PR can help you lessen the effects of a crisis or seize unanticipated commercial possibilities. Most of all, PR may enhance the impact of the story that surrounds your company. This is quite helpful, given how connected and hurried modern life is.

Despite the fact that companies might be able to handle this component of marketing on their own, it’s possible that they lack the expertise and understanding needed to do so properly. Using a professional’s assistance will have the most influence on firms. Every company has different demands, so it is important to carefully analyze what would be best for each one before making a decision. This can mean they either hire someone from an agency or maintain someone on staff.

Modern businesses cannot, under any circumstances, downplay the significance of public relations. It’s a demanding field, and to succeed, you need to be excellent at communicating, have the capacity for strategic thought, and be aware of how to handle the extensive and intricate link between the general public and a corporation. Furthermore, badly executed PR may cause more harm than good.

PR initiatives can influence the conversations that the public has with and about an organization for years, so it’s important to ensure they produce positive results. You can accomplish this with over-the-top antics that will generate discussion, but simple or seemingly irrelevant changes or announcements can also lead to incredibly productive results for an organization.

Communication

All that said, let’s look at something crucial that will aid communication in public relations.

It’s called “The 7 Cs of Public Relations.”

According to the 7 Cs, communication needs to be:

  1. Clear.
  2. Concise.
  3. Concrete.
  4. Correct.
  5. Coherent.
  6. Complete.
  7. Courteous.

1. Clear

Be explicit about your aim or message while communicating with someone in writing or person. What are you trying to accomplish by talking to this person? Your viewers won’t be confident if you’re uncertain.

Make every effort to keep the number of concepts in each phrase to a minimum. In order for your reader to comprehend what you intend, make sure it is simple. It shouldn’t be necessary for others to “read between the lines” and infer meaning on their own in order to grasp what you’re trying to communicate.

2. Concise

Being succinct when communicating means staying on target and keeping things short. If you could convey your point in three phrases, why would your audience want to read six?

3. Concrete

Your audience will clearly understand what you’re saying if your message is concrete. There are specifics (but not too many! ), vivid facts, and a laser-like focus. Your argument is well made.

4. Correct

Your intended audience will be able to understand you when your message is clear. Moreover, error-free communication is also correct communication.

By asking yourself the following questions, you can ensure that your message is accurate:

Does the degree of education or understanding of your audience match the technical phrases you use?

Have you proofread your work for grammar mistakes? Note that spell checkers won’t always capture errors.

Do all names and titles have the correct spellings?

5. Coherent

Logic follows from cohesive communication. The tone and flow of the writing are uniform, and all points are related to and pertinent to the main issue.

6. Complete

A comprehensive message provides the audience with all the information they require to understand it and, if necessary, take action.

Is there a “call to action” in your message that makes it obvious what you want the audience to do?

Have you incorporated all pertinent details, such as contact information, dates, hours, and locations?

7. Courteous

Kind, direct, and honest communication is what is meant by courtesies. There are neither subliminal insults nor passive-aggressive overtones. You are sympathetic to the requirements of your reader and consider their point of view.

In conclusion, every company needs to understand that public relations is the life line of their establishment, as the saying goes, put your best foot forward, public relations helps you put your best foot forward because that’s what gives the company a good face to the outside world and potential clients, investors and customers and this aspects needs to be well managed and monitored for success in the growth of the establishment.

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BTS Labs

BTS Labs mainly provides a wide range of consultancy services including Financing, Listing, and PR & Marketing.